Format Characters

You can add font, size, and style characteristics to text.

Nisus Writer Pro can use all the fonts installed on your system. To view, install, or modify the fonts on your system you should use the Font Book application provided by macOS.

You can cause the menu Format > Font to display the fonts available in their own font (WYSIWYG) by turning on Font menu shows previews in the Appearance preference window of Nisus Writer Pro. See “Display Options for Your Documents” on page 562 for more information.
Displaying your fonts WYSIWYG can cause Nisus Writer Pro to respond sluggishly.

Font substitution

Every bit of text in your document has a primary font. This is either the font you applied directly to the text (e.g.: using the Format menu) or a font enforced by an applied style. If the primary font cannot display the text to which it’s applied, then a different fallback font must be used to show the text on screen. This process is called font substitution.

The fallback font is calculated using a variety of factors, including your language’s Secondary Font, your document styles, and the characters in the text.

Fonts that have undergone font substitution display their names using a special color on the menu Format > Font and in the Character palette. The default color is red but can be customized. You can also choose to have text that underwent font substitution highlighted on screen by setting your Appearance preferences. See “Marked Text” on page 567 for more information.

If you just typed or inserted some text that required font substitution, Nisus Writer Pro immediately shows an alert dialog. This alert is not shown when opening documents with existing text.

Font Substitution.png

Figure 112
The “font substitution” alert

Add a font to your System

After you have purchased a font and you have it on your hard drive, or you have a CD of your fonts loaded in to your computer you can add these fonts to your System.

Double-click the font’s icon.

image-134.png

Figure 113
A font file icon

Apple’s application Font Book opens and presents you with a dialog offering to install the font.

Use the Character palette to format text

The Character palette contains a number of tools that enable you to easily format your text.

These tools are illustrated in Figure 114, Figure 115, Figure 116 and Figure 117. While they both offer the same control, as illustrated in Figure 114, you can display more than one copy of the Character palette at the same time: one floating and another in the Dock. One can have all of its tools visible, while the other remains in a more “condensed” state.

The Character palette contains all the commands of certain submenus of the Format menu, giving you nearly one-click access to their commands. These include:

Font

Font Face

Shadow

Size

Letter Case

Underline

Strikethrough

Baseline

Kern

Using the Character palette to format text.png

Figure 114
Using the Character palette to format text

Change the font of characters

Whenever you change the font of characters in your text from its underlying style as set in your Nisus New File or an applied style sheet, as explained in “Format Documents Using Style Sheets” on page 138, the image-50-2.jpg, the Font/Character Formatting Tag appears on the Status Bar at the bottom of your document window. This is considered a “manual override” of the formatting of your document, as explained in detail on page 137.

1. Select the text you wish to change.

2. Using the Character palette in the Writing group inside the Palette Dock, choose the font you want from the Family pop-up menu.

Or

1. Select the text you want to have a different font.

2. Choose the font you want from the menu Format > Font.

You can choose from any font you have loaded in your System. The selected text appears in the chosen font.

Character Palette.01.png

Figure 115
The Character palette in Condensed Mode

When you first start using Nisus Writer Pro all the palettes display in Condensed Mode. You can enlarge the Character palette by dragging the enlarge corner (if the palette is outside the Palette Dock) or, the drag bar (if it is inside the Palette Dock). Or you can use the “” (Ellipsis, or Options menu) in the upper right corner of the palette and choose Expanded Mode.

The Character palette enlarged.png

Figure 116
The Character
palette in Expanded Mode

If you have many fonts available, a scroll bar appears. You can drag this scroll bar to display additional fonts.

The Character palette showing the Font pop-up.png

Figure 117
The Character
palette showing the Font pop-up menu in Condensed Mode

Nisus Writer Pro groups your fonts as they are organized in the Font Book application. You can choose to display:

All Fonts

Document Fonts (only and all those appearing in the active document)

English (those fonts designated as English, or whatever language is the primary language you have set for macOS)

whatever fonts you designate as your Favorite Fonts using the Fonts panel

Favorite Fonts is a collection of fonts that you maintain.

1. Choose the menu command: Format > Font > Show Fonts.

2. From the Gear menu in the upper left corner of the Fonts panel choose Add to Favorites or by dragging and dropping their names from the Typeface or Family column to Favorites in the Collection column as illustrated in Figure 118 and Figure 119.
You can also add your own named collections to gather certain categories of fonts, for example, Hebrew, Arabic, etc. and they will also appear under that named collection in the Fonts menu in Nisus Writer Pro. To accomplish this you need to use Apple’s Font Book.app.

830D4B93-29CC-4C49-A999-DF97C64F2A81.jpg

Figure 118
The Gear menu in the Fonts panel

9B8C009F-9F46-428C-9619-46EA863A6016.jpg

Figure 119
The Favorites group in the Fonts panel

your Recent Fonts (which displays the 10 most recent fonts you have used).

Scroll through a longer list of fonts

Drag the resize tab at the bottom of the Character palette down to display a longer list of available fonts.

If you know the name of the font you want, you can click and select the font name in the Font display and type the first few characters. Nisus Writer Pro uses “auto-fill” to sense what font you want, displaying the closest match (in alphabetical order). When you see the font you want, press to confirm your choice.

To learn more about using fonts (how to install them, where they belong in your System, etc.) see pages 670 and (for non-Roman text) 40.

If you want to move on to change the typeface and/or size, you can press to confirm and select the next field in the palette.

Change the size of characters

Whenever you change the size of characters in your text from its underlying style as set in your Nisus New File or an applied style sheet, as explained in “Format Documents Using Style Sheets” on page 138, the image-50-3.jpg, the Font/Character Formatting Tag appears on the Status Bar at the bottom of your document window. This is considered a “manual override” of the formatting of your document, as explained in detail on page 137.

1. Select the text you wish to change.

2. Click and drag the Size slider to the size you want.

The Size box updates to display the actual size of the characters,

If you know the size you want, you can click and select (or double-click) the size display and type the size you want. Nisus Writer Pro uses only whole number sizes. When you are satisfied, press or to confirm your choice.

The slider only goes up to 128 pt., you can enter any size you like in the size display text box.

Or

1. Select the text you want to have a different size.

2. Choose the size you want from the menu Format > Size.

You can choose from a variety of sizes or you can increase or decrease the size of your text by designated increments. The selected text appears in the selected size.

Change the size of characters to a size not listed on the menu

1. Select the text you want to have a different size.

2. Click and drag the Size slider to the size you want.

Or

1. Choose the menu command: Format > Size > Other….

2. Type the number for the size you want and Click OK.

You can set the size to decimal fractions as well as whole numbers.

Increase or decrease the size of characters by a specific amount

1. Select the text you want to have a different size.

2. Choose Increase By… or Decrease By… from the menu Format > Size.

3. Type the number for the amount you want the size to change.

4. Click OK.

Change the format of characters

Whenever you change the format of characters in your text from its underlying style as set in your Nisus New File or an applied style sheet, as explained in “Format Documents Using Style Sheets” on page 138, the image-135.png, the Font/Character Formatting Tag appears on the Status Bar at the bottom of your document window. This is considered a “manual override” of the formatting of your document, as explained in detail on page 137.

As stated above in the section “Use the Character palette to format text” on page 130, the Character palette contains many of the controls needed to format the characters in your text. You can display the palette, minimized or “Condensed” or “Expanded” as illustrated in Figure 115 on page 132, and Figure 116 on page 132.

In addition, as you click any of the buttons in the Options at the bottom of the Character palette (except for the Text color swatch that opens the Colors panel), the palette enlarges to display additional controls. You can choose to have these options display as a matter of course by choosing any one, or more of them from the menu “” (Ellipsis, or Options) > Always Show Options >

Underline

Strikethrough

Baseline

Letter Case

Shadow

To change the format of characters…

1. Select the text you want to have a different format.

2. Then, either:

a. Choose the format you want from the appropriate submenu of the Format menu, or

b. Click the appropriate control in the Character palette.

The selected text appears with the chosen format.

For more information about special “style” formatting in Nisus Writer Pro see page 422.

Change the format of characters using the “Dropper”

If you have added the Dropper to your Toolbar (see the section: “Customize the Toolbar” on page 601) you can easily “pick up” and “drop” the formatting of selected text.

1. Select the text with the formatting you wish to apply elsewhere.

dropper empty.pngdropper full.png

Figure 120
The Dropper with nothing in it (left, before clicking in text), then with something in it (right, after clicking in text)

2. Click the Dropper on the Toolbar.

The dropper has “absorbed” the format(s). You are now in format duplication mode.

3. While the Dropper is “full”, click and drag your pointer to select the text to which you want to apply the formats.

4. Repeat step 3 until you no longer want to duplicate formats.

5. Click anywhere in your text, or click the dropper button. 

You have now left the format duplication mode.

The Dropper “absorbs” and “drops” highlight color and any formatting of Styles (though not the (named) Styles themselves). The underling Style remains but the new format(s) have been laid “on top of” the Style; they “override” the Style.

Manually override formatting

All the above sections from “Change the font of characters” on page 131 through “Change the format of characters using the “Dropper”” refer to the act of manually overriding the formatting of your document. Manual formatting is any formatting applied to text directly, not through Styles. Applying a Heading 1 paragraph style may change the text’s font and size, but that is not manual formatting. That is formatting by way of Styles. On the other hand, if you select some text and change the Font, Face, Size or Color using the Character palette, that is manual formatting.

The Font Tag (the little black underlined “a” icon image-50-4.jpg on the Status Bar) represents all manual font-like formatting applied to the selection. When you choose the command Select All from the Font Tag’s menu, it selects only all text in the document that has all of the manual formatting applied. What the Font Tag selects will depend on where the selection rests in your document.

Example 1

You may have some text in your document where only the Normal style is applied. If you select that text, the Font Tag won’t appear at all, because there is no manual formatting applied.

Example 2

If you again select that text where only the Normal style is applied, and then add an Underline by choosing the menu command: Format > Underline > Single, the Font Tag will appear. The text now has some manual formatting applied, specifically an underline format. If you then choose Select All command from the Font Tag’s pop-up menu, all text in the document with a manual single underline format will be selected. But only text with manual underlines will be selected; if the underline was enforced via a Style, it would not be selected.

Example 3

Continuing with the text we have so far (Normal style + single underline), let’s now change the font family as well. Say we change the font to Cochin, then the selected text now has manual formatting of (single underline + Cochin font family). If we then choose Select All from the Font Tag, this time only text in the document with both an underline and Cochin will be selected. And again, only if those formats were manually applied, and were not enforced via Styles.


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